INTRA-FIRM MOBILITY OF THE EMPLOYEES IN THE IT-B.P.O SECTOR: INTRODUCTION

INTRODUCTION

It can be seen that the remuneration in the IT-B.P.O.s is solely based on the performance of the individuals. Sometimes, earnings vary from person to person, but graduates and post graduates may get almost same salary even working in the same company. Over education do nothing favourable to them if they lag behind the same qualified persons in terms of the required skills. But higher education help them in promotions if they have any particular skill that required for the unit they working. At the lower level jobs there is no gender disparities, women even reach middle levels and earn more than men also, but at the senior most positions the representation of women very low. But all over India, BPO sector is characterised by the high women representation; it is more than 60 percent and low representation of men.

At the leadership level of IT Companies woman representation is only about 6%. In the IT, it is about 15-20% and in the BPO it is 50%. About 49% of the India’s population are women. But no field equally represent women instead of this. In the year 2010 the IT workforce included only 26.4% of the women employees. But in 2008 this was 24% of the workforce.

(more…)

TAX CONTROL IN MODERN CONDITION: Illegal Tax Reduction

Avoidance entails negative consequences for the economy and the state as a whole. In addition, tax evasion has serious economic consequences in terms of distortion of competition. For example, two companies that manufacture the same goods in case of failure of one of them from paying taxes will be at a disadvantage.

The state is struggling with tax evasion in various ways (especially legislative):

(more…)

TAX CONTROL IN MODERN CONDITION: Conclusions

Tax control as one of the functions of government is a system for monitoring financial and economic activities of taxpayers in order to optimize it for the quality of tax legislation. According to the new Tax Code entered into force on 1 January 2009, tax control – is the control exercised by the tax authorities, the execution of tax legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan, other legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan, the control over the execution of which is assigned to the tax authorities.

The main objective of fiscal control – obstacle avoidance, providing revenues to the revenues of the state, the elimination of violations of the laws of the Republic of Kazakhstan. Efficiency of tax control is characterized by the level of mobilization in the budgetary system of income tax and other obligatory payments; completeness of taxpayers and taxable items, the quality of tax audits and reduced number of trials and appeals of taxpayers on the actions of the subjects of tax control, reduction in time to contacts with taxpayers.

(more…)

TAX CONTROL IN MODERN CONDITION: Improvement of Tax Administration

One of the priorities in the strategy of Kazakhstan’s 50 most competitive countries in the world designated by the Head of State, is the modernization and dynamism of Kazakhstan’s economy by reforming tax policies, in part to increase tax collection, simplifying the tax structure and limit the number of taxes. To increase the effectiveness of tax legislation requires the establishment of legal tax rules with the economic realities in the various fields of business, as the top priority of government economic policy is to improve the tax system. In this regard, the state is working to improve the actual conditions of taxation, mainly by improving the quality of public administration in terms of information systems implementation, launches off-site control, which allows reducing the annual tax burden to a level corresponding implemented in state tax policy. One important aspect of the tax system is – simplicity. Too complicated tax systems make it difficult to tax administration, creating obstacles to observance of such a system, and can lead to lower fiscal discipline. The tax burden is a generalized indicator of the role of taxation in society, and its numerical value is defined as the ratio of total taxes and fees to the gross domestic product. It should be noted that the role of taxation in society, even in states that are in fairly similar geographic and climatic conditions of a practical level of economic development differs significantly, resulting in a significant difference in the levels of tax burdens States.

(more…)

TAX CONTROL IN MODERN CONDITION: Introduction of Informational Systems

It is obvious that the main way of improving the system of fiscal control – the transition to information technology, which allows to fully automate the process of selection of taxpayers with the most characteristic abnormalities of levels, dynamics, and relationships of various parameters on permissible reporting for organizations in respective areas of values, to assess the actual size of the tax liability of the taxpayer.

The introduction of the automated systems into all fiscal processes was dictated by the time itself. Over the past years due to rapid economy growth in the Republic, the number of the legal individuals and individual entrepreneurs dramatically increased, therefore the process of tax returns on the paper carriers faces various difficulties. Significant time loss in the queues, possible errors of the tax inspectors during manual filling of reporting into the program, associated with their emergency workload during the reporting period, complicated the procedures of the taxpayers and the tax authorities. Lloyds TSB Bank

(more…)

TAX CONTROL IN MODERN CONDITION: The Main Objectives

• The inevitable punishment for violators of the legislation on taxes and fees;
• Ensure the correct calculation, timely and complete introduction of taxes and fees in the budget (state budget funds);
• A warning of violations of legislation on taxes and fees, as well as damages caused by the state due to failure of the taxpayer (tax agent) and other persons of their duties. Greek banking sector

(more…)

TAX CONTROL IN MODERN CONDITION: State Control System

Among the multitude of economical management tools, that helps the State to influence the market economy, the Taxes are at the priority place. Under conditions of the market traffic, tax system is one the major economical regulators, foundation of the financial and credit mechanism, that state use to regulate the economy. Using the tax control tools, the state actively influences the economical processes that take place within the country, encouraging their development in ways that are beneficial to society. Recourses, collected through taxes, provide the state with ability to carry out the social policy, including providing of material aid to the segment of population who can’t ensure their existence.

(more…)

TAX CONTROL IN MODERN CONDITION: Introduction

The topicality of research is caused by active development of tax control institute in the system of financial and tax law. While constant growing of state needs in financial means the mechanism of taxation should work perfectly.

If it doesn’t happen, tax sources exhausted, the state has to look fornon – tax earnings, and the domestic and foreign debt are increased.

Dissatisfaction with government policy and unwillingness to pay taxes have deep historical roots, which objectively requires constant improvement of methods of taxpayers and tax collection. Payday Loans Online

(more…)

THE BLACK BRITISH CLERICAL WORKERS’ RESPONSE: Educational Qualification

Participants indicated that the single most important grounds that limit them from looking for another job are educational qualification. Telu narrates below how she lost a well paid job because she did not have the relevant educational qualification:

I saw this advertisement in the Daily Telegraph newspaper three months ago for a senior clerical officer post.

The person’s specification was for someone with five years experience and I got more experience. I applied for the job and was invited for interview, but unfortunately I wasn’t given the job because I didn’t have the relevant educational qualification. After this experience, I promised myself I will undertake a certificate course in customer services and combined with my practical experience, getting a well paid job will be easy for me (Telu)

(more…)

THE BLACK BRITISH CLERICAL WORKERS’ RESPONSE: Economic Conditions

Economic Conditions

Economic conditions are more of a transactional contract than a relational contract; they are negotiated but nevertheless still able to influence the employee’s decision as to whether to stay or leave the local authority. About 90% of the black British clerical workers viewed the current state of the UK economy as likely to bring to bear strong influence on families with higher childcare cost, big mortgage, and other family obligations. Almost 70% of the participants interviewed pointed out that the present economic recession makes the job market insecure and so makes it hard for them to change job in case they lose their job. Below Nana put it this way:

I have been working here for over twenty years and my job is secure for now, but with many restructuring taking place across UK local authorities, I just cannot risk changing my job. What if I change my job, a year later I was told there is no more work for me. At the age of 54 I would not be able to cope (Nana) Screening methods

(more…)

Pages: 1 2 Next