A provision was included in part IV of the constitution under the “Directive principles of state policy.” According to the articles 40 “the state should take step to organize village Panchayat and endow than with such power and authority as may be necessary to enable them to function as units of self government.” The government of India in September -1991 introduced two bills one for the Panchayats and another for municipalities. Finally on 20th April -1993 the President of India has gave it has assent. Thus 73rd Amendment of the constitution relates to Panchayat Raj comes into force on 24th April-1993. Hence the 73rd and 74th Amendment to the constitution are described as a major landmarks in the history of local bodies in India 73rd constitutional amendment provision.
• Organization of Gramsabha
• Creation of three – twice Panchayat Raj structure at the district level, block and village levels
• Reservation of seats for scheduled caste / scheduled Tribes in proportion to their population
• Reservation for women in Panchayats (chairman and members) up to 1/3rd seats.
• This includes the number of seats reserved for women belonging to SC, ST and BCs the 74th amendment of the
constitution which provided constitutional status is a mail stone in the history of urban bodies.
According to this amendment this bill three types of urban local bodies were envisaged. A Nagar Panchayat for a population between 10,000 and 20,000 was the First type. The second type was called as Municipal council for urban areas with population between 20, 000, and 30,000. A municipal corporation was suggested with a population exceeding 3,0 0,000.The other provisions of bill related to elected ward committees adequate representation for women and SC/ST in the urban bodies. Because of the reservation provided by the 73rd and 74th Amendments number of people belonging to SC and ST communities is occupying the position such as Sarpanches, Mandal presidents, Zillah perished chairmen and mayors they emerged as major force in all levels.