COMMUNITY ORGANISATION: INTRODUCTION

INTRODUCTION

Banjaras / Sugali / Lambada are declared as a Scheduled Tribe in Andhra ( Andhra area comprises the districts of Srikakulam, Vishakapatnam, Vizianagaram, East Godavari, West Godavari, Krishna, Guntur, Prakasam, Nellore, Chittoor, Kadapa, Anantapur and Kurnool) According to Scheduled Caste and Scheduled Tribes lists. Modification Order 1956 and as a Denotified Tribes in Telangana (Telangana area comprises the districts of Adilabad, Nizamabad, Karimnagar, Medak, Hyderabad, Ranga Reddy, Mahaboobnagar, Nalgonda, Warangal and Khammam) areas of Andhra Pradesh, as per the Indian constitution (Scheduled Tribe) Order 1950 the SC & STs (amendment) Act 1976, the Telangana region Banjaras / Lambadas are recognized as Scheduled Tribes.The origin and history of Lambadas is very vague and ambiguous. There are many legends who explained their origin. They themselves claim that they are of Rajputs and Kshatriyas origin. Banjaras / Lambadas of Telangana claim that they are from warrior race and have fought against the Mohammadans. Many scholars opined that the word Banjara and Banjara (trader) have been derived from the profession trade. The name may have derived from Vanachara meaning Wanderer in jungles. The word Lambadi has been derived possibly from the word of Lamba meaning tall. The Banjara are very tall and handsome so they have been tall Lambada meaning “People who are tall”. It is common phenomenon among Lambadas have to have their settlements called Thandas outside the main village. They prefer hilly areas for avoiding accumulations of mud which would be creating more problems to their cowherds. They try to raise their Thandas of the careful examination of their security, availability of water fertile land in that area and avoiding insecure atmosphere created by robbers and wild animals almost all Thandas in Telangana Districts are raised keeping all this facts in mind the Lambdas address each other GWAR and call non-Lambadas as KWAR indicating their sense of entity every Thanda tenanciously maintain their culture and ethnic identity.The political life of Lambadas in Telangana districts reflects a paradoxical situation. They transformed retaining their political system and maintaining political structure among them for very long. But with introduction of universal adult franchise in the country, there has been tremendous change and Banjaras, who were earlier excluded from participation in the traditional polity, have been given a definite role to play in modern democratic process. In Telangana districts there is no dispute between the new leadership based on hereditary and personal qualities. The traditional polity of Banjaras in Telangana observed the new values without losing their identity and tradition.