COMMUNITY ORGANISATION: REVIEW OF LITERATURE

LITERATURE

Andhra Pradesh was formed on 1st November, 1956, with Hyderabad as its capital. It has between bounded by Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh and Orissa in the North, Karnataka in the West, the Bay of Bengal in the East and Tamil Nadu in the South. Andhra Pradesh is the fifth largest state, spreading over an area of 2,75,045 square kilometers and accounting for 8.4 per cent of India’s territory. It has a 974 kilometers coastline, the second longest after Gujarat. Andhra Pradesh is divided into three distinctive characteristics regions viz Andhra area covering 33.78 percent, Telangana area covering 41.5 percent and Rayalaseema area covering 24.47 percent of the total geographical area of the state of Andhra Pradesh. For the purpose of administration Andhra Pradesh is divided into 23 districts. Andhra Pradesh has total population of 8,46,65,533 Males 4,25,09,881 and 4,21,55,652 Females population as per 2011 census of which 67% live in Rural Areas and 33% live in Urban Areas. The density of population is 308 per square kilometer which is below the national average of 382 square kilometers. The literacy rate of male is 75.56 and female 59.74.

The hilly areas cutting across the coastal land Telangana regions are dominated by the tribal communities and can be considered as another region of the State. Owing to its unique set of problem and under development. Coastal Andhra and Rayalaseema regions were part of Madras presidency till 1953, when they were formed as a separate state of Andhra. Telangana was part of the erstwhile Hyderabad ruled by the Nizam and merged with Andhra State to form the second state linguistic lines.

Source: Tribes and Tribal Areas of Andhra Pradesh published by Tribal Welfare Department Government of Andhra Pradesh

Lambada Administration in the Pre and Post Independence

Table 1: SUGALI / BANJARA / LAMBADA Telangana District-Wise Population
table1Community Organisation of Telangana-1

Every society operates by one principle of organization or combination of principles producing different political systems. The political organization of the Lambada comes under stateless system because it has no formal Government embracing the entire society. The political organization of the Lambada is based on the territorialism and it is not based on geographical or associational units. The Lambada Thanda or settlement is the smallest territorial unit of organization represented by family. There is no headman for every clan. All clan enjoy equal status. In political Lambada organization there is no special association such as military, religious organization etc., from 14th century when the Banjaras first accompanied the Mohammedan armies which invaded Deccan from the North. There were records written by Persian and British historians, travelers, missionaries and administrators between the late 15th century and middle of the 19th century there was considerable political upheavals in India in the form of wars between indigenous kingdoms in the pre -European period and between the Native Kings and British, the French and the Portuguese after 17th century. In these wars the Banjaras played an important role on payment as carriers and suppliers of provisions to the armies. The establishment British rule in India 1858 substantial improvements in the transport system were introduced and was consequence in the last quarter of the 19th century, the Banjaras lost their occupation as transporters of grain and other supplies

Therefore they resorted to predatory method as way of life which they had acquired while they were serving the Moghul armies. With this change the community magistrate, the chief of hordes all lost their customary importance and the Naik who were heads of the hordes got the prominence